Nineteenth Summer Session of SLS
Draft Academic Programme
Between Codification and Progressive Development: International Criminal Law after Rome and Kampala (draft title)
The Salzburg Law School on International Criminal Law, Humanitarian Law and Human Rights Law (SLS) welcomes applications for its Nineteenth Summer Session, Sunday 30 July to Wednesday 9 August 2017. The upcoming session will focus on substantive international criminal law.
2017 might be the turning point for individual criminal responsibility for the unlawful use of force. The crime of aggression was included in the list of crimes that fall within the jurisdiction of the International Criminal Court (ICC) at the Rome Conference. However, up till now, the Court cannot exercise its jurisdiction over this crime. The jurisdictional framework adopted by consensus at the Kampala Review Conference formulated two conditions: Firstly, ‘[t]he Court may exercise jurisdiction only with respect to crimes of aggression committed one year after the ratification or acceptance of the amendments by thirty States Parties’ (common para. 2 of article 15bis and 15ter of the ICC Statute). With the State of Palestine’s deposit of the 30th instrument of ratification, this condition will be fulfilled on 26 June 2017. Secondly, ‘[t]he Court shall exercise jurisdiction over the crime of aggression ... subject to a decision to be taken after 1 January 2017’ (common para. 3 of article 15bis and 15ter of the ICC Statute). It is now up to all States parties to honour their commitment ‘to activate the Court’s jurisdiction over the crime of aggression as early as possible’ (RC/Res.6). SLS 2017 will thoroughly analyse the definition of the crime of aggression, the conditions for the Court’s exercise of jurisdiction, as well as the outlook for its activation at the 2017 Assembly of States Party. In addition, SLS 2017 will provide insight on the underlying rules of the use of force under international law. The scope and ius cogens character of the prohibition of the use of force, its exceptions as provided in the Charter of the United Nations, as well as potential ‘grey areas’, in particular, the question of unauthorized humanitarian interventions.
Taking a broader look at substantive international criminal law, our upcoming session will assess the doctrinal concepts of ‘crimes under international law’, ‘ius cogens crimes’ and ‘core crimes’. This includes the development of crimes and the ‘identification of customary international law' as well as the concept of direct enforcement of international criminal law.
SLS 2017 will focus on the development of crimes and categories of crimes under international law within and outside the Rome Statute system. We will monitor codification efforts, e.g. regarding a Convention on Crimes against Humanity and developments within the ASP Working Group on Amendments on the further harmonization of international criminal law applicable in armed conflicts of international and non-international character, adding the use and the threat to use nuclear weapons in the definition of war crimes, and including the crime of terrorism and the crime of international drug trafficking in article 5 of the ICC Statute. Topical sessions will also cover current efforts to put emphasis on certain crimes, such as on sexual and gender-based crimes or slavery, as well as potential future developments, inter alia, with a view to crimes against the environment.
In addition, 2017 SLS will provide ample opportunity to debate current developments in the field of international criminal law and Court officials will provide an update on the latest jurisprudence of the ICC. We will also continue our project on international criminal law in cinema.
Details on the SLS 2017 Academic Programme and a draft List of Speakers will be available by February 2017.
The academic programme will run from Monday 30 July through Tuesday 8 August, daily from 9.30 a.m. to 1 p.m. and 2.15 p.m. to 5.45 p.m. with a free Saturday afternoon and Sunday. Sunday 30 July and Wednesday 9 August are our days of arrival and departure respectively. During these eight working days, 26 academic sessions of 1,5hrs are offered (equalling 2 academic hours and 52 academic contact hours in total). The course consists of lectures, discussions, workshops and case studies, allowing for discussion and interaction among lecturers and participants. It will be held at the Faculty of Law of the University of Salzburg, located at a 16th century residence in the centre of the old town.
Participants will obtain a certificate of attendance, but may also take an exam, for which the University of Salzburg allocates 4 credits according to the European Credit Transfer System.